Better known under the term TNR (to trap, neuter and release), this program is a population management program for stray cats. Used in several countries around the world it is considered a humane manner and humane control of stray and feral cats.
Indeed, it has been shown that simply relocate stray cats from one place to another is not always the ideal solution. In fact, if you saw a stray cat around your house, either a female or a male, it is a sign that there are more, as females will have at least two litters per year in general.
If you decide to adopt a stray cat, it will be quickly replaced by another stray cat, the territory of the previous having been left vacant. Thus, no matter what measures you take to adopt a stray cat, the problem inevitably return, replaced by a new cat.
With TNR program, the goal is to capture and release the cat once it's neutered. Being neutered, the cat in question continue to live in your neighborhood, but it will not happen again. So over time the general population of the area will decrease. In addition, cats will be a little less likely to fight. They still defend their territory living and hunting, but there will be no more connected to the battle during female heats and mating. This will decrease, even minimally, feline viral diseases and injuries. They will also be less likely to mark their territory with urine in your windows for example.
In order to identify neutered stray cats, an internationally recognized mark is made. This is the cut of the left ear (it is sometimes possible to be the right, but the left is more commonly used and recognized). A clean cut of the tip of the ear is done under anesthesia. The procedure is not more painful than sterilization itself. Sometimes a V-cut is also used.
That way, the pounds that would capture the cats subsequently will know immediately that this cat is neutered and left in the environment in order to control overpopulation.
Obviously, even if the cats become more affectionate after neutering, this program encourages not to adopt them in your home, in order to control the population of stray cats outside, in the neighborhood.
If you have questions, do not hesitate to contact us.
Hospital Team Veterinarian Ste-Rose
P.S. Please note that regulation of the City of Laval contains articles about stray cats.