Let’s talk Rabies

Let's talk Rabies

Let's talk Rabies

We are often asked what is the importance of vaccination against rabies, or if vaccination is required or necessary. This week, the Veterinary Hospital Ste-Rose will answer these questions and demystify this deadly disease often underestimated and trivialized in Quebec .

Rabies is an infectious disease of viral origin, which is usually transmitted when the saliva of an infected animal comes into contact with blood, following a bite or a scratch. The virus can also come into contact with a mucous membrane (eye, mouth, nose) or skin wound by licking.

Rabies is a fatal and incurable disease to animals and humans, in 100% of cases. The virus attacks the central nervous system of mammals causing two presentations:

Paralytic or dumb: pets often go hide and are more lethargic, while wild animals become less fearful and will approach humans. In both cases, they will eventually be affected by paralysis and die.

Furious: Affected animals will be extremely agitated, excited or aggressive. They can bite and attack indiscriminately objects or other animals.

Rabies being an incurable disease, the only effective prevention is vaccination. The vaccine is safe and effective when used according to manufacturers’ recommendations. A vaccinated pet will then not be a risk of infecting family members if attacked by an animal potentially rabid.

If bitten, clean the wound with soap and water and quickly contact a doctor. Rabies is a reportable disease. This means that any suspicious bite or animal must report to the Public Health Agency of Canada. In humans, if care is undertaken very quickly and before symptoms appear, treatment is possible. Otherwise, survival is very unlikely.

Some precautions can also reduce risk.

-Limit contact with unidentified wild and domestic animals.
-Keep your dog close to you when walking outside or in risk zones.
-If you see an animal acting strangely, report it here: http://www.rage.gouv.qc.ca/index.php?Signaler-un-animal-suspect-en

Rage in numbers

Humans …

More than 1,500 Canadians are treated annually after exposure to rabies.
More than 900 cases are treated after contact with a pet.

In Quebec, the last fatal case occurred in 2000, when a young child had contracted the virus following a bat bite.

In Canadathree other cases are reported: British Columbia in 2003, Alberta in 2007 and Ontario in 2012 For the latter, the victim had contracted rabies outside the country..

Worldwide60,000 people die from this disease every year.

Animals…
Cases of Rabies in Quebec

Cases of Rabies since 2001

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Dogs 2 3 3 2 3 1 5
Cats 1
Bats 8 19 13 7 12 8 15 5 9 7 2 2 15
Racoons 1 4 58 27
Skunks 1 6 6 2 9 1
Fox 9 3 5 3 4 2 1 1 7 10
Wolfs 1 1 1 1 1
All cases in Canada 445 349 265 261 248 229 273 235 145 123 115 141 116

It is 3243 cases of positive animals in Canada since 2000.

The Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario and Manitoba are the most affected provinces.

In Quebec, in 2007 an alarming number of cases were reported, mainly in raccoons. Thanks to a government program of immunization, these animals’ cases fell the following year and remained relatively low since that time.

Still in Quebecdogs cases are reported regularly as you can see in the table, and only one case was reported in 2005 in cats.

As you can see, vaccination is an essential tool in the prevention of this deadly disease. Through the vaccination of domestic and wild animals, we can effectively reduce the incidence of infections.

Do not hesitate to contact members of the Veterinary Hospital Ste-Rose to determine which protocol is recommended for your cat, dog or ferret.

Marie-Christine Hamelin, Veterinary Technician

P.S. At the end of this article, I will link somes videos of animal with symptoms of rabies (or suspected of). These can be choking , so softhearts don’t look. Be warn !

The statistics in this articles come from those websites:

Canadian Food Inspection Agency
http://www.inspection.gc.ca/animals/terrestrial-animals/diseases/reportable/rabies/positive-rabies/eng/1356156989919/1356157139999

Public Health Agency of Canada
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/im/rabies-faq-eng.php

Governement of Québec website dedicated to Rabies
http://www.rage.gouv.qc.ca/index.php?accueil_en

http://www.rageduratonlaveur.gouv.qc.ca/

World Health Organisation
http://www.who.int/topics/rabies/en/

Don’t hesitate to visit their site for more informations.

Link of video
Coming

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Trouver un bon éleveur - Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Find a good breeder

Find a good breeder

Your decision is made, you want to adopt an animal. You’ve thought about it and you have the budget and the time to take care of it. You also have an idea of what species and breed you seek and what kind of companion you desire.
But where to find it? If breed matters little to you, I invite you to visit some shelters. There is often the rare pearl. On the other hand, if you know exactly what breed you want because its personality matches yours, then you need to find a reputable breeder.

How?

First of all, be aware that there is no obligation or training in Canada to accredit a breeder. On the other hand, you can rely on the Canadian Feline Association and the Canadian Kennel Club, whose mandate is to establish breed standards and serve as a purebred registration office, taking into account the “Genealogy of animals”. They suggest, on their site, breeders who meet the criteria of the breed and who provide a suitable environment for their development. You can also have trust a breeder certified by Anima-Québec. This non-compulsory Québec program subjects about 140 criteria concerning the places of care and the conditions of animal breeding, in addition to visiting the breeder who wants to be certified.

A person who is not a member of one of these programs can still be a very good breeder, but you have to be cautious based on several criteria.

Which?

A true breeder should not breed more than two different breeds.
You should be able to visit all the facilities where the animals are kept. Pay attention to the available drinking water, food, smells of excrement and intense yelping, which would mean the presence of too many dogs. Observe whether the facilities seem improvised or inadequate. Animals should not be caged throughout the day.
You must be able to see the parents or at least the mother. Study the conformation, general condition and behavior.
The breeder should not mate his females at each heat and ideally not reproduce them beyond 4 to 5 years.
The breeder must pay attention and avoid by all means consanguinity. Some use specimens from other continents to ensure good genetics.
The breeder must test breeding animales to rule out hereditary problems specific to the breed (eg hip dysplasia) and provide the evidence.
You should be able to see the nursery, which should be a closed room separated from the rest. (The breeder may, on the other hand, issue restrictions in order to avoid the transport of diseases or parasites)

Puppies or kittens need to be socialized and stimulated young. The ideal is to let them walk around the house to get used to the noises of everyday life.
The animal should be uniquely and permanently identified with a microchip or tattoo.
You should be able to choose your pet as a according to its physical appearance and temperament.
Puppies and kittens should not be adopted until they are 3-4 months old.
At the time of purchase, the breeder should be able to provide you with a health certificate including at least the first vaccine and first dewormer with the date of veterinary visit. He has the responsability to tell you about any health issues of your new companion (eg, had a big episode of diarrhea). He must also provide you with a written guarantee and a signed deed certifying the purity of the breed.
The breeder should require you to sterilize your puppy or kitten and has the right to request a sterilization certificate.
A breeder should be concerned about the welfare of his animals even after the deed of sale.
The breeder should have taken the time to construct his / her own website where you can  find information on the breed, dates of birth, dates of adoption, guarantees, pictures of breeding specimens, old breeders and facilities.

I advise you to visit several breeders before making your choice. You can then compare the different establishments. Do not hesitate to discuss with the breeder to see his/her philosophy and passion about the breed he is breeding. He/she should be able to answer your questions easily and it is also a good sign if he/she asks you questions to know your personality and the environment in which the animal will live. A good breeder should not have difficulty selling his/her animals and beware of those who sell them overly expensive. It is even possible to wait more than a year before having your new companion. Do not hesitate to contact us if you need advice more information or if you have any further questions.

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Le syndrome brachycéphale - Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Brachicephalic Syndrome

Brachicephalic Syndrome

Congenital and hereditary condition adquire by dogs that have a wider head and a flattened muzzle, brachicephalic breeds. The breeds most at risk are the Bulldog, Pug, Pekinese, Boxer, Boston Terrier, Shar Pei, and certain Shih Tzu and Lhasa Apso.

One anomaly seen in this syndrome is stenosis of the nostrils where the patient’s nostrils are partially or completely obstructed, which prevents the air from circulating well in the respiratory system consequently the dog is continually out of breath and is forced to breathe through the mouth. In addition, some patients, will also present an elongation of the soft palate, which is the organ in charge of blocking the esophagus when breathing or the trachea when eating, depending on the activity of the dog. In the affected dogs, the abnormally long veil remains stuck and blocks the passage of air in the trachea, causing noises and breathing difficulties (snoring) a higher risk of heat stroke, intolerance to exercise and increased cardiac work.

The correction of these anomalies is performed surgically. It is possible to remove part of the nostrils and the veil of the palate to clear the airways. Surgery is done by laser to limit pain, reduce bleeding and improve healing.
Recuparation is relatively fast and surgery has a high success rate. You will then see an enormous improvement in the quality of life of your pet.

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Un petit lapin pour Pâques - Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

A bunny for Easter!

A bunny for Easter!

A bunny for Easter! Is it a good idea?

Many families would like to adopt a small pet to offer as a gift for the kids, especially rabbits. However, 80% of this animals end up in animal shelters because their been adopted at a glance and for the wrong reasons. Adopting an animal is something to reflect on because it implies a commitment to this living creature. You must know that rabbits live in general 8-10 years; they need special care and adequate feeding. After Easter season, the SPCA of Montreal receives many rabbit from families that cannot longer take care of them and the most frequent reason is the lake of time. At the same time the SPCA discourages this practice, because  « it teaches kids that if fine to acquire an animal and get rid of it when interest is lost. The animal grows or it requires much more attention than expected.»1

Although this practice has decreased over the last years, it is important to talk about this subject in order to prevent that this tiny beast end up in shelters.

Reference:

  1. Radio-Canada, Donner un lapin en cadeau pour Pâques, à éviter selon la SPA Mauricie, [En ligne], http://ici.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/772223/lapin-paques-societe-protectrice-animaux-mauricie-cadeau-adoption-animaux, Consulté le 10 avril 2017
  2. Brigitte Trahan, Louer un animal à Pâques ou l’adopter pour la vie?, La Presse, [En ligne], http://www.lapresse.ca/le-nouvelliste/actualites/201504/02/01-4857679-louer-un-animal-a-paques-ou-ladopter-pour-la-vie.php, Consulté le 10 avril 2017
  3. Annie Ross, En chocolat ou alors, pensez-y-bien!, Journal de Montréal, [En ligne], http://www.journaldemontreal.com/2017/04/14/en-chocolat-ou-alors-pensez-y-bien, Consulté le 15 avril 2017

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La glucosamine - Hôpital Vétérinaire Commentaire [UW98]: Chaque URL d’article devra contenir le titre de l’article Lien à revoir | Pourquoi le #Clinique | Si possible enlever le #clinique | Ne pas oublier les redirects 301 permanent sil y a modification de la structure URL’s Commentaire [UW99]: Chaque article devra présenter en title : le titre de l’article | Hôpital vétérinaire de Ste-Rose de Laval Commentaire [UW100]: Chaque article devra compredre le Titre de l’article, rédigé par l’équipe de l’hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval Commentaire [UW101]: Ajout Commentaire [UW102]: Ajout Commentaire [UW103]: Ajout Ste-Rose de Laval

Glucosamine

Glucosamine

Not all products are metabolized in the same way, depending on the species. This is why it is very important to consult your veterinarian before giving a human treatment to your pet. It is the same principle with regard to the glucosamine. The animals require glucosamine HCL and chondroitin SULFATE and often these are not found in sufficient quantities in the products sold in human pharmacy. In addition, quantity and quality are not verified and may vary from company to company. It is therefore necessary to increase the dosage compared to humans by following the advice of your veterinarian or to obtain the glucosamine specially designed and calibrated for the animals.

Be aware that you will need to give a larger dose initially and then decrease to reach the maintenance dose, usually after 4 to 6 weeks. This product must be taken daily to be effective. Some petcompanies add natural anti-inflammatories like the devil’s claw, which is convenient when the animal is experiencing pain.

La glucosamine - Hôpital Vétérinaire Commentaire [UW98]: Chaque URL d’article devra contenir le titre de l’article Lien à revoir | Pourquoi le #Clinique | Si possible enlever le #clinique | Ne pas oublier les redirects 301 permanent sil y a modification de la structure URL’s Commentaire [UW99]: Chaque article devra présenter en title : le titre de l’article | Hôpital vétérinaire de Ste-Rose de Laval Commentaire [UW100]: Chaque article devra compredre le Titre de l’article, rédigé par l’équipe de l’hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval Commentaire [UW101]: Ajout Commentaire [UW102]: Ajout Commentaire [UW103]: Ajout Ste-Rose de Laval

Glucosamine can be given for several conditions,  it is particularly useful as a preventative treatment for large breed dogs and aging animals. It is commonly used in treatment when a change in the joint is present,  such as for example:

Hip or elbow dysplasia

Following joint or bone surgery

Rupture of the cruciate ligaments

Arthritis (inflammation of the joints)

Osteoarthritis (cartilage degeneration usually due to wear and aging)

Poor joint conformation

 

It helps reduce joint degeneration by:

Increasing healing

Stimulates the production of the synovial fluid (liquid present in the joints and helps in its functioning)

Inhibiting cartilage degradation

 

The occasional side effects of taking glucosamine are loose stools and gases. There contraindicated for animals with diabetes. It is often combined with chondroitin because it increases its effectiveness. It is also possible to give Cartrophen injections that will complete the treatment.

Do not hesitate to consult your veterinarian so that he/she can advise you efficiently on this product.

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Le husky sibérien - Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

The Siberian husky

The Siberian husky

Info

Class: Working Dog

Height: 51-60 cm

Weight: 16 to 27 kg

Life span: 10-15 years

Grooming: 4/5 Daily brushing in depth

Exercise need: 5/5

Level of Experience required by the owner: 4/5

Le husky sibérien - Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Origin

This breed has retained its purity for over 3000 years by Siberian nomads which bred the best riders. As you know, the Siberian Husky was bred in order to pull sleds over long distances at medium speed. They were designed robust, fast and vigorous. These qualities were highlighted in the winter of 1925 when a Siberian crew rescued city of Nome, Alaska, from an epidemic of diphtheria, by delivering the remedy. The breed also participated in research missions and polar rescues during World War II. His popularity was then widespread on most continents in 1960.

Behavior

The Husky is enthusiastic, working, loving and has a great desire to please. However, is nervous of nature and therefore needs to be well socialized as a puppy. Given its origins, it is clear that this dog would rather spend his energy in large outdoor areas with other congeners rather than stay locked up at home. Therefore, it takes a very active owner who will lead him to participate in his daily life. Obviously, note that he has a big tendency to pull on a leash.

Disease

With a rather robust health, this breed is rarely seen clinically for specific problems. However, since it is a large breed dog, it is not immune to joint problems. We recommend that you give them glucosamine and chondroitin specially formulated for dogs. Moreover, considering that it is a breed designed to withstand extreme cold, it is at risk of heat stroke in summer.

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Le Beagle- Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Beagle

Beagle

Beagle

Info

Class: Hunting and companion dog

Height: 33 cm to 40 cm at the withers

Weight: 8 to 18 kg (depending on format)

Life expectancy: 10 to 12 years sometimes up to 15 years

Grooming: 1/5 … a simple weekly brushing necessary

Exercise needs: 3 4/5

Level of experience required by the owner: 3 4/5

Le Beagle- Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Origin

Most studies reports that the Beagle has seen the day in England during the reign of Henry VII who used them to hunt hares, wild boar and some deer. Today, it is more often seen in families with hunters to track game.

Behavior

Since this dog is a little ball of energy, there is no doubt he has to exercise a lot to avoid behavioral problems such as anxiety and excessive barking. Moreover, it requires an experienced owner or at least some training courses because it’s a pretty stubborn dog especially when he spots a smell. For this reason, and to prevent them from running away, we strongly advise you to have a well fenced yard. Despite all this, he has the reputation of being an excellent companion for children and enjoys playing with other dogs. It is an enthusiastic, intelligent and affectionate animal who will be happy to share your daily life.

Diseases

The most often health issues seen in this breed, is eye problems such as glaucoma and corneal dystrophies * ** and on occasion neurological disorders. Despite its general good health, it is recognized as a true stomach on foot! So be very careful with his weight and prevent obesity by calculating the portions of food and reducing treats.

 

* Increased pressure within the eye

** Variables Genetic Diseases limited to corneal

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Le Border Collie Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Border Collie

Border Collie

Border Collie

Info

Border Collie

Class: Sheepdog

Height: 46-55 cm

Weight: 14 25 kg

Life expectancy: 10 to 15 years

Grooming: Regular brushing is enough ¾

Exercise need: 5/5

Level experience required by the owner: 5/5

Le Border Collie Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Origin:

This excellent working dog comes from the Border region in the south of Scotland. It would be the Celts who allegedly created it to direct the sheep herds. This herd dog instinct is still very strong today.

Behavior

Ranked as THE smartest dog in the world and known to be tireless, it goes without saying that it needs an owner who will make him spend as much physical and mental energy as possible, to avoid destructive behavior. Rapid, agile and fast learner, he will be happy to participate in your tasks, will perform well in agility and adore will playing frisbee with you. It is rather reserved with strangers and prefers to be the only companion at home.

Color

Representatives of the race we usually see are black and white. However, know that the merle color, sand color, bicolor, tricolor and solid color (except completely white) is accepted.

Disease

The Border collie has a weakness in the eyes especially in the retina.

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Le berger Allemand - Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

German Sheperd

German Sheperd

German Sheperd

Info

Class: Working dog

Size: 55-65 cm at the withers

Weight: 29-43 kg

Life expectancy: 9-13 years

Grooming: 3/5 … A thorough brushing daily is necessary

Exercise need: 4/5

Experience level required by the owner: 5/5

Origin:

First used in Germany for herding, the German Shepherd was then modeled in the nineteenth century by an officer of the German army (Max von Stephanitz) to turn it into a military dog ​​and give it its current appearance. Therefore, 50,000 of his dogs were enlisted during World War 1 era to serve the German army. His overall popularity increased exponentially but because of poor training and poor selection by breeders, it was classified as an aggressive dog and wasn’t chose by families. Today, it is an excellent working dog and excels in several areas including mountain rescue, guard dog, police dog and in the military.

Behavior:

All ressources agrees that the German Shepherd can be a great family or work dog ​​ if they receive strict training by an experience and authoritarian person. He also needs a sports teacher that will stimulate his intellect and which let him spend his energy to keep a good mental and physical health. It will become a faithful, calm and affectionate dog. If those recommendations are not followed, the German Shepherd can easily become destructive, very anxious and become particularly aggressive with strangers and other animals.

Diseases:

This breed is often seen in consultation for joint problems (specifically hip dysplasia), digestive, skin, pancreatic insufficiency and anxiety problems.

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L'achat d'un animal: le Budget - Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Purchase a pet: Budget

Budget

Purchase a pet: Budget

Yes, having a pet is a luxury and make sure to be able to bear the costs of its care before adopting it. Here are the elements to think about:

Nutrition:

Good nutrition is necessary to prevent disease and it goes without saying that health experts have experience to answer questions on this subject.

Medical care

Think you put money aside for unexpected events such as intoxication or injury.

Grooming

Certain breed requires sessions to the groomer regularly to avoid discomfort in the eyes, mouth, skin or to withstand the heat better.

Accessories

Think about food and water bowls preferably ceramic, leash, litter bags and litter box (at least one per cat and not all in one place), cushion the scratching and treats for training.

Vaccines, deworming and sterilization

The first year will be the one that will cost you the most because most vaccines need to be repeated 2 or 3 times to be effective the first year. Subsequently boosters of these vaccines will be annually or every 3 years. You also need to think about deworming every summer if your animal goes outside. Also, when your loved one will be 6 months old, also need to put money aside for sterilization because his essential to prevent reproductive system diseases, runaway, overcrowding and to provide longer life for your pet.

Genetic disposition

Ask about the breed you want because some are known for developing hereditary problems or to be more conducive to certain disease.

Toy

Given our overloaded lifestyle, animals now spend a lot of time alone at home and they are more likely to develop behavior problems because it is bored or they have too much energy to spend. To overcome this problem it’s necessary to buy interactive toys such as Kong or soft bone to chew.

Remember, the bigger your dog is more money it will cost. For people with a smaller budget, I recommend an interior domestic cat. Also be aware that some company offers insurance for your pets and other may offer you a credit service if you need to shell out a large sum of money to cure your pet.

The projection in time

Adopting a pet is a long-term commitment. Their life expectancy is now between 8 and 15 years depending on the breed, medical care that is given to him, its maintenance and supply. So I suggest you to try to imagine your situation in the future before making this type of decision.

Finally, the key is planification. You must prepare a budget to research and provide training classes especially for less experienced people. Keep in mind that a pet is not a toy that has an instruction manual that comes with it. For this reason it is not recommended to give an animal as gift to a family member. If the fur ball is for your children, know that it will inevitably fall under your responsibility.

Rather than buying a purebred that costs more and has generally has more health problems, why not offer a second chance to a in shelters. Although its genetic seems often difficult to identify but it will be very grateful and it will become the best companion you ever have. If you can, try to learn about their past in order to understand their behavior and develop better chemistry.

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