Diabetes mellitus in cats and dogs

Diabetes mellitus in cats and dogs

Diabetes is one the most common endocrine disease in pets. When your pet eats, the portion ingests daily digested and separate in several nutrients and other substances or molecules to be absorbed into his system. What interests us when it comes to diabetes is the glucose (sugar) present in the food.


It is the insulin that allows glucose to enter cells. Without it, the cells can not use sugar to produce energy, although there is many in the blood of the animal. This hormone produced by the pancreas is necessary to life. We talk about diabetes when insulin is produced in insufficient or inappropriate for the needs of the animal.


This explains in large part why diabetic animals showed an increased appetite. The cells are « fasting » while a message is sent to the body to increase food intake. The animal still lose weight because the sugar can not be used. The fat reserves and muscle (protein) will be used to offset the « fast of cells. »


The amount of too high blood sugar will be eliminated by the kidneys, thus in urine. But it is also accompanied by a large amount of water. Then will be more frequent and abondant urination. If the animal pees into the house, the urine may seem tacky as it contains sugar. The animal will also tend to consume more water to compensate for these losses.


The diagnosis of this disease in animals is rather simple. Following a comprehensive examination of the animal, blood must be draw and tested to detect if the amount of sugar is too high. A complete blood test is essential since it allows us to eliminate any defect or illness. It especially allows us to see if prolonged hyperglycemia has damaged other organs such as the liver.


A urinalysis is also recommended. The latter allows to detect the presence of glucose in the urine, but also to see if the animal has a concomitant urinary tract infection. This is often the case since the sugar in urine promotes bacterial growth, and infection in a diabetic animal makes the control of the disease more difficult.


Diabetic patients will be throughout their lives. In cats, there are very few cases of remission, but better not count on it. At the beginning of treatment, several adjustments are often necessary to obtain the ideal dosage of insulin that will allow your pet to maintain a good quality of life. A dietary change will also be advised. A well-controlled diabetic animal can live a normal and enjoyable life.


If you have a diabetic dog, it will have a high chance of developing cataracts and vision loss, despite all the good care you provide him. This change is inevitable and unfortunately does not reflect the efforts made in the treatment of your pet.


Catherine Lapierre, Certified Veterinary Technician

Derniers articles

Derniers articles

Dernières nouvelles et déclarations concernant les soins aux animaux domestiques, les directives, la formation et le toilettage..

Parlons de la Rage – Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Parlons de la Rage Parlons de la Rage On nous demande souvent quelle est l'importance de la vaccination contre la rage, ou encore si cette vaccination est obligatoire ou nécessaire. Cette semaine, l'Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose répondra à ces questions en démystifiant cette maladie mortelle souvent sous-estimée et banalisée au Québec.   La rage est une [...]

Le syndrome brachycéphale – Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Le syndrome brachycéphale Le syndrome brachycéphale Ce problème congénital et héréditaire se développe chez les chiens brachycéphales, c’est-à-dire qui ont une tête plus large et un museau aplati. Les races les plus à risque sont donc le Bouledogue, le Carlin, le Pékinois, le Boxer, le Boston Terrier, le Shar Pei, certains Shih Tzu et certains [...]

Trouver un bon éleveur – Hôpital Vétérinaire Ste-Rose de Laval

Trouver un bon éleveur Trouver un bon éleveur Votre décision est prise, vous voulez adopter un animal. Vous y avez longuement réfléchi et vous avez le budget nécessaire et le temps pour en prendre soin. Vous savez aussi quelle espèce vous recherchez et quel type de compagnon vous désirez. Mais où le trouver ? Si [...]

Back To Top